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Insider Trading

Insider trading refers to the buying or selling of stocks, bonds, or other financial securities based on material, non-public information about the company. It occurs when individuals with privileged access to confidential information about a publicly traded company use that information to make trades and gain an unfair advantage in the market.

What You Need To Know

Insider trading involves trading based on information not available to the general public and could significantly impact the value of a company's securities, including financial results, mergers and acquisitions, regulatory decisions, or any other non-public info. Insiders typically include company executives, directors, employees, and other individuals who have access to confidential company information. They have a fiduciary duty to act in the company and shareholders' best interests and are prohibited from using insider information for personal gain.

Insider trading is generally illegal in most jurisdictions, as it undermines the integrity of the financial markets and creates an unfair advantage. Laws and regulations aim to prevent insider trading and impose severe penalties, including fines, imprisonment, and civil liabilities, on individuals found guilty of engaging in such activities.

Regulatory bodies, such as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), actively monitor and investigate insider trading. They enforce regulations requiring insiders to disclose their trades and report any material non-public information they possess.

Not all trades by insiders are illegal. Insiders can engage in legal trading activities if they comply with relevant regulations and disclose their trades appropriately. For example, they may need to file reports with regulatory authorities within a given timeframe.